Many people suddenly suffer from dizziness. The disease may be repeated, and sometimes life-threatening diseases may lie in it. We asked Dr. Kabuki Sukiyaki, the director of the Ode, no sore throat clinic, what kind of dizziness, and what causes it.
Causes and symptoms
Vertigo and dizziness
Vertigo can be roughly divided into two types. One is “vertical dizziness,” where you or your surroundings feel like spinning, and the other is “floating dizziness,” where your body is dizzy or wobbles.
It is said that vertigo is more likely to be caused by an abnormality in the ear, but in reality, it is not possible to determine the cause by the symptoms of dizziness alone.
There are many causes of dizziness, such as brain and ear abnormalities, stress, and lack of sleep, aging, and abnormal blood pressure regulation. The most common cause of dizziness is an ear abnormality, which occurs in the inner ear, such as the semicircular canal or monolith.
In this case, tinnitus and hearing loss may occur together. When you are dizzy, you need to be especially careful when you have numbness in your limbs, you can’t rotate, or you see double things, and it is highly likely that you have dizziness due to a brain abnormality. In this case, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, etc. may be conflicting with each other, so you should visit an emergency hospital, etc. and have a specialist’s diagnosis promptly
What is most dizziness?
The most common vertigo disease is “benign paroxysmal head dizziness.” In the inner ear at the back of the ear, there is an monolith that senses the position of the body and linear acceleration.
It is thought that this is caused by a part of the monolithic device peeling off and entering the “semicircular canal,” which is a sensory device that senses the rotational acceleration of the body. Vertigo occurs in the morning when you get up from bed or move your head.
Dizziness often lasts less than a minute and can be subdued if you are resting. Although dizziness repeats, in most cases, it heals spontaneously within two weeks to 1 month.
Mainer’s disease with swollen inner ear
Next to benign paroxysmal head dizziness is dizziness due to “Mainer’s disease.” Mainer’s disease is a condition in which lymph fluid in the inner ear has increased, causing swelling (edema).
However, the cause of the swelling is unknown. In addition to dizziness and nausea, symptoms such as tinnitus, deafness, and ear blockage may appear. The characteristic feature of dizziness is that it is relatively long, from tens of minutes to hours. In addition, there are cases where it is difficult to be cured, as there are recurrences and deterioration of hearing.
Treatment and self-care
Treatment of benign paroxysmal head dizziness
Benign paroxysmal vertigo is a self-healing illness. However, in the meantime, if you want to reduce your symptoms as much as possible, you will take medication.
In addition, there is a treatment method called “Super p Force” that returns a part of the monolith organ that has entered the semicircular canal to the normal position.
The monolith replacement method involves moving the monolith by lying on a bed and moving your head, under the guidance of a doctor. As a rehabilitation treatment at home, dizziness exercises are also effective.
Keep sleep and moderate exercise.
Dizziness can be triggered by a lack of sleep, overwork, and stress. Try to get enough sleep and rest your mind and body. It’s difficult to get rid of stress completely, but if you’re in trouble and you’re in trouble, one way is to consult a counselor.
In addition, moderate exercise such as walking promotes blood flow, and can be expected to have a positive effect on the inner ear. On the other hand, smoking will reduce blood flow, so refrain from smoking.
Treatment of Mainer’s disease
The etiology of Mainer’s disease has not been clarified, except that lymphatic fluid in the inner ear increases. When Mainer’s disease is diagnosed, symptomatic treatment with drug therapy is the main focus.
Depending on the type and severity of symptoms, blood flow improvers, diuretics, tranquilizers, autonomic nerve regulators, etc. are used. If you have a severe seizure, give a drip or injection. Some hospitals recommend drinking therapy to take more water than usual for the purpose of the diuretic effect.
Mainer’s disease pays attention to stress.
Attacks of Mainer’s disease are more likely to occur as stress, and physical and mental fatigue accumulate.
Especially stress is a great enemy, so try to relax in your daily life. It is also important to have a good night’s sleep, a well-balanced diet, and regular life.